Can Biel的4栋住宅,西班牙 / Sau Taller d’Arquitectura

案例 2023年05月18日

该项目对Can Biel的一座建造于19世纪末期的建筑进行了改造,设计的要求是保留既有建筑,并使其成为一座包含四户的住宅。

The project is based on the proposal that the existing building of Can Biel, a late 19th century construction, must be preserved and turned into 4 dwellings.

▼项目概览,Overall view © Andres Flajszer


The building is made of stone walls and 4m beams, with very deteriorated slabs and open heights that are unsuitable for the intended uses. The proposal is to extend horizontally the section while preserving the existing volume. As a result, the building is 60 meters long and has 2 levels.

▼首层空间,Ground floor space © Andres Flajszer

▼客厅一角,Corner of the living room © Andres Flajszer

▼厨房,Kitchen © Andres Flajszer


From this perspective, the intervention involves reinforcing the existing construction through the new floor slabs and an external structure that provides a support for the 8m-high stone walls. The new slabs are designed with a mixed concrete-wood structure and include internal metal braces that link the two longitudinal stone walls. The permeability of the northern retaining wall is allowed in order to leave it visible. This decision requires a surface recollection on the ground floor and to manage the structural and finishing elements in contact with this wall.

▼连接两层的楼梯,Stairs connecting two floors © Andres Flajszer


In terms of materials used, the project is based on rough materials and, essentially, on dry construction, with the exception of the brickwork and the repointing of the existing walls and jambs. The objective is twice: on the one hand, to reduce construction costs, to build and allocate resources only to the essential; on the other hand, to preserve and revalue the historical memory of the original building, as the change to a lightweight system makes it possible to understand and differentiate the original elements from those of the restoration.

▼二层空间,First floor space © Andres Flajszer

▼楼梯,Stairs © Andres Flajszer

▼二层尽头的卫生间,Toilet © Andres Flajszer


Finally, regarding the interior spaces, it is found that, in dealing with such a small structural grid and with the aim of providing maximum width and sense of open space, two basic strategies have been used: The first is to open up and release the interior space in section, creating double and triple spaces; the second is to make the most of all the existing windows and to create new ones, which are strategically placed to provide views and sunlight. With this double strategy, we ensure that the views are extended and the feeling of more interior space is amplified both horizontally and vertically.

▼轴测剖面图,axonometric section © Sau Taller d’ Arquitectura

▼立面图和平面图,elevation and plan © Sau Taller d’ Arquitectura

photos: Andres Flajszer